- How early did Women serve as USPS Postmaster?
- How can I Find Information about Former USPS Postal Employees?
- How were USPS Postmasters Appointed?
- What is the USPS Postmaster Finder?
- My ancestor was a Postmaster. Why are they not in USPS Postmaster Finder?
- How can I get information on a Postmaster or a Post Office that is not in Postmaster Finder?
How early did Women serve as USPS Postmaster?
- Women have served as postmasters since the Revolutionary War and even earlier, under British rule. “Postmaster,” and not “postmistress,” has always been their official title.
How can I Find Information about Former USPS Postal Employees?
- The United States Postal Service® Historian maintains information about Postmasters and Post Offices for a twenty-year period. After that the information is retired to the National Archives, Records Administration Office. You may be able to get additional information by writing this office at:
- NATIONAL ARCHIVES
8601 Adelphi Road
College Park, MD 20740-6001
- Also, as information, personnel records for all former Federal employees, including Postal Service employees, are located in the National Personnel Records Center in St. Louis, Missouri. You may write to the Records Center at:
- NATIONAL PERSONNEL RECORDS CENTER
1 Archives Drive
St. Louis, MO 63138-1002
- Telephone: 314-801-0800
- Fax: 314-801-9195
- E-mail: [email protected]
- The National Personnel Records Center, Civilian Records Facility (NPRC-CPR) maintains and will furnish by mail extant personnel records for federal employees whose service ended after about 1910. Researchers requesting records from the center should provide the full name of the employee, date of birth, social security number if known, name of agency where last employed, and place and approximate dates of employment.
How were USPS Postmasters Appointed?
USPS From 1836 to 1971, Postmasters were appointed by the President, “by and with the consent of the Senate.”
- Postmasters earning less than $1,000 per year were appointed by the Postmaster General, generally upon the advice of the local congressman or townspeople.
- Regulations required that postmasters execute a valid bond and take an oath of office, thus minors and aliens were ineligible.
- Prior to 1971, it was also required that postmasters live in the area of their Post Office™.
Since 1971, postmasters have been selected on the merit system.
For additional historical information on the appointment of Postmasters, go to http://about.usps.com/who-we-are/postmasterfinder/welcome.htm.
What is the USPS Postmaster Finder?
The USPS Postmaster Finder contains basic information about many local Post Offices™ and Postmasters. It includes:
- Most USPS Postmasters appointed after 1986
- Some USPS Postmasters appointed before 1986.
- Over 12,000 USPS Post Offices (with the number increasing).
You can access the USPS Postmaster Finder on the internet.
- For information prior to 1971, the primary sources of information are the National Archives Microfilm Publication M1131, Record of Appointment of Postmasters, October 1789 – 1832, and M841, Record of Appointment of Postmasters, 1832 – September 30, 1971. The Postal Bulletin, the Official Register of the United States, and the Journals of the Postmaster General, along with various lists, tables, and directories of Post Offices, are sometimes used in conjunction with the Record of Appointment of Postmasters.
- From 1971 to 1986, information is pulled from record cards of postmaster appointments located in the USPS Historian’s office.
- Since 1986, information in Postmaster Finder has been updated from PS Forms 2030 and 8020, Report of Installation (Postmaster or Officer-In-Charge), completed by field personnel; postmaster appointment lists compiled by Human Resources; and the Post Office Changes sections in issues of the Postal Bulletin
My ancestor was a Postmaster. Why are they not in USPS Postmaster Finder?
Postmaster Finder contains only some of the information that is available prior to 1986. Additional data is continually being added. However, it will take a number of years to research every Post Office.
How can I get information on a Postmaster or a Post Office that is not in Postmaster Finder?
- The National Archives will provide information on postmasters and Post Office facilities prior to 1971 upon request.
- Information after 1971 can be obtained from the United States Postal Service Historian.
Additionally, historians have compiled books on Post Offices for many states, some of which include postmasters’ names and appointment dates. Your local library should be able to assist you in obtaining these.